The EU has set itself a long-term goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% compared to 1990 levels by 2050. The specific targets for the year 2030 are as follows:
- a 40% cut in greenhouse gas emissions
- at least a 27% share of renewable energy consumption
- at least 27% energy savings compared to the business-as-usual scenario.
In view of these objectives, the Member States are in a disadvantageous position due to the current state of the technologies used and the available local energy resources, and so these specificities must be taken.
Currently, 41 regions in 12 EU Member States are actively mining coal. This provides direct employment to about 185,000 people across the EU, with additional indirect jobs relying on coal production. However, the EU’s decision to move to emission-free technology is not subject to discussion and it is therefore necessary, taking into account the difficulties of these regions, to anticipate and propose the energy policy that is in line with the tasks. These regions need an effective roadmap to make the necessary transition to a more diversified economic base and a more sustainable energy system, while safeguarding the social cohesion for communities and regions dependent on coal production.